Prayer

Why We Don’t Pray For The Dead

Recently I came across an article written on Anglican Pastor by a fellow Anglican Priest entitled Why We Pray for the Dead.

What surprised me was not only his endorsement of the practice, but the implication behind the title that it is normal Anglican practice to do pray either for the dead or to the dead. Also there is no evidence that it was practiced by the early church, not until the middle of the second century.

Here are 10 reasons why we are not to pray for the dead:

1. There is no Scriptural support for praying to anyone other than God. None.
2.There is no Scripture support when it comes to praying to Christians who have died. None!
3. To pray to dead Christians, (asking them to intercede for us) is to give them attributes that only God has. (If every Christian prayed to dead Saints, then those dead saints must have the ability to hear all the prayers of Christians at once – this is a quality only our Triune God has).
4. Praying to dead Christians may be an ancient practice, but this does not authenticate the practice. An old error whilst old, is still an error.
5. The practice is inconsistent with the Anglican formularies.The practice was bound up with particular medieval Catholic doctrines and practices which the Reformers strongly rejected and Cranmer, having kept such prayers in the 1549 Prayer Book, removed them totally from the 1552 revision.The 1662 Book of Common Prayer is, of course, largely the text of 1552, but in one definite difference is in this prayer. Thus today, unlike in 1552, we pray:

“And we also bless thy holy Name for all thy servants departed this life in thy faith and fear; beseeching thee to give us grace so to follow their good examples, that with them we may be partakers of they heavenly kingdom”.

The phrase ‘that with them’ is seized upon and taken by some to mean that we are praying for both us and the ‘departed’. But this is to distort the plain meaning of the English language and the prayer.
6. Whilst I agree that those who have died in Christ are not in Heaven,(Heaven being the place where soul and body is reunited again) but are in Hades (the place of interval), there is no need to pray for them.Those who are in paradise are walking with the King – enjoying the Lord Jesus, in his paradise with the wonderful joyous indescribable expectation of at a future point in time (when the Lord Jesus returns) of being inside the Father’s house, the place that has been reserved and prepared for them personally by the Lord Jesus Christ.
Those who have died outside of Christ will be in the King’s prison segregated and separated from the Lord Jesus Christ and from his people and will suffer remorse and regret of knowing that the life that had on earth is over, and that there is no altering of their choice in life to reject the Lord Jesus Christ, and with that the horrifying, agonisingly indescribable expectation of a future point in time (when the Lord Jesus returns ) of being cast into the Father’s garbage tip, the place that has been reserved and prepared for the Devil and his angels.
Thus praying for those whom have died does nothing to alter their destination. It is fixed at death. This is why Scripture is clear that we are to pray to God for the living.
7. Whilst all Anglicans state their belief in the Communion of Saints, what we are saying is that we believe that the catholic (World-wide, universal) church is made up of a spiritual communion or fellowship of Christians, including those who are alive (sometimes referred to as “the church militant,” cf. 1 Cor. 12:1ff) and those who have died (sometimes referred to as “the church triumphant,” cf. Heb. 12:1).
Those who have died in Christ are now with Christ ,whereas those who are alive in Christ on earth worship Christ by faith. What unites us is that both are in Christ and are part of His Church. This does not give us warrant to pray for them.
8. How can such prayers be faithful to justification by grace through faith in Christ alone and the reality that “Just as people are destined to die once, and after that to face judgment, so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him” (Hebrews 9.27-28)?
9. The practice of praying to the dead and/or for the dead is inconsistent with not only the Scriptures, the BCP but also with the 39 Articles. (see Article XXII)

Article XXII
Of Purgatory
The Romish Doctrine concerning Purgatory, Pardons, Worshipping, and Adoration as well of Images as of Reliques, and also invocation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.

10. The Homily on Prayer also roundly condemns the practice of prayer for the dead

So in essence, praying to the dead and/or for the dead, may be an ancient practice, but it has no Scriptural support, it is inconsistent with the Scriptures, the theology of the BCP, and the 39 Articles. In fact Scripture, the theology of the BCP and the 39 Articles make it abundantly clear that we are to not pray for the dead.

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Praying For the Lost

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When I was in year 11, a lot of my mates at school used to try to get into pubs under-age. Many of them could do it. Yet I saw no point, not only because I did not drink; but also when I was 17 I looked like I was about 12 and found pubs to be very intimidating and scary places at the bet of times. But on my 18th birthday, I went around to see my older brother and he took me to his local pub in Rozelle, a suburb of Sydney, called The Three Weeds. I particularly remember excusing myself to go to the men’s room and whilst there, unbeknownst to me, my brother had told the entire front bar that his little brother had just turned 18. When I came out, all the patrons sang happy birthday to me and I was given my first drink, a complimentary shot of something called Tequila. (They may as well have given me a shot of Detol!)

The reason I tell this story is that I recall afterwards thinking about the sort of people who were at this pub, they were very different to the sort of people whom I normally mixed with, and not the sort whom I mixed with at the Anglican Church I attended. To my shame I remember despairing and thinking to myself, “as if anyone in that pub would ever become a Christian”. Yet the reason for my despair was due to my thinking evangelism and bringing people to faith in Christ is a merely human endeavour.

This sort of thinking I believe can and will lead us to one of two equal and opposite errors, the first of which I fell into:

  1. Despair – due to thinking that a person’s salvation is all up to us. So when people don’t come to faith we therefore deem our evangelistic efforts to be futile and that we are useless in regards to the extension of God’s Kingdom.
  1. Pride – due to thinking that a person’s salvation is up to us. So when people do come to faith we therefore deem our evangelistic efforts to be successful and that we are rather amazing in regards to the extension of God’s Kingdom.

Yet from the Scriptures we see very clearly that God is the One, and the Only One who brings people to faith in Christ. Have a look at 1 Corinthians 3:5-7:

            [5] What then is Apollos? What is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, as the Lord assigned to each. [6] I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth. [7] So neither he who plants nor he who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth.

From this passage we see that:

  • God gives the gives the growth – It is God who changes people’s hearts;God is the one who brings people to him, God is the one who saves.
  • The Apostles were obedient in proclaiming the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ (i.e. planting and watering), but they also know that they could not raise the spiritually dead and could not give sight to the spiritually blind. Only the Great Evangelist, God the Holy Spirit can do this.

This is why prayer for the lost is so important. Firstly: it serves to protect us and rescue us from falling into one of these two errors. Secondly: when we pray for the lost, we are asking God to do what we cannot. Just like the Apostles, we cannot raise the spiritually dead nor can we give sight to the spiritually blind. Only God can do this.

So here are some things I hope in the Lord Jesus may be of some service to you when it comes to praying for the lost:

  1. Pray for love – that God will give you a real heart felt love for the lost
  1. Pray for intentionality – that God will enable you to go out and meet the lost (whether it be at the Golf club, in the shed, in the field, at the school gate, at the shopping queue), and befriend the lost
  1. Pray for conviction – that God will convict you of the plight and final destiny of the lost
  1. Pray for opportunities to give a reason for the hope you profess – and take them when they inevitably come.
  1. Pray for boldness & courage – in making opportunities to proclaim the lost.
  1. Pray for wisdom – to say the right thing at the right time and in the right way. 
  1. Pray for unbelievers – the Saul’s that you know, the doubters, the curious, the indifferent. Pray that God will do only what He can do.
  1. Commit 2 Cor.4:7 to memory –

[7] But we have this treasure in jars of clay,

to show that the surpassing power belongs to God and not to us.

What a great reminder this is for us when it comes to praying for the lost and when it comes to evangelism! The Treasure is the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ, it is a treasure of infinite worth.We have this treasure! You have this treasure

We are the jars of clay. Not exactly, the most flattering of descriptions, of you and me, not very complimentary is it? It indicates that we are frail and easily broken, and fragile. We are all jars of clay. Yet God uses us Jars of clay and the reason God uses broken vessels is to show that the power to save is God’s and not us. You don’t have to ‘be a Chappo’ – God will use you as you are – you jar of clay you! This is always God’s Way.

I once heard the former Archbishop of Sydney Harry Goodhew tell me that Gospel ministry in Australia is like “trying to plough concrete”. And as true is that is, and as often as sharing of our faith can feel like that, God can crack the concrete surrounding the unbelieving heart. He cracked Saul’s. He cracked my heart. He can crack anyone’s! So keep praying my fellow jars!

Your Spiritual Barometer

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There are many things that we use in life to measure other things. A barometer measures atmospheric pressure; a speedometer measures speed, a pedometer that tells you how many steps you have walked, a thermometer measures tempertature. But is there a device that measures one’s spiritual temperature? Is there such think as a spiritual barometer? Sadly there is no such device, however there is such a practice that measures one’s spiritual temperature.

Now before I go further, you may be thinking, “What do you mean by spiritual temperature? I just made the term up, it means the quality of your relationship with God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It means your faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. There is no device that measures this, but there is a practice that measures your spiritual temperature, your faith and that practice is prayer.

In writing an article on prayer, I was challenged in thinking “Where does one start when writing about prayer?” and I think a great way to start is to look at Jesus ‘teaching on prayer, and so I think it is helpful to look at Luke 11:1-13 and these verses make up something that Anglican Christians pray weekly which is known as the Lord’s prayer. Though it needs to be said that this prayer should be called, The Disciples Prayer. There is no record any where in the NT of Jesus ever praying this prayer or anyone else in the NT praying this prayer. I must confess that for many years I believed and taught that this prayer is model for prayer and while I think it still is, I had resisted the notion that this is a prayer that we are to pray. But I think differently because if you look with me at v.1 and 2 a disciple asks Jesus to teach them to pray just as John the Baptist taught his disciples. Jesus responds by saying to him, “When you pray, say.” In Matthew’s Gospel Matthew records Jesus saying “Pray then like this”- which I think reveals that this prayer is both a prayer to pray and a model of how to pray.

And it is my prayer that the Holy Spirit will open your eyes to this beautiful Christian prayer so that you can see things about what the Lord Jesus is teaching us, and perhaps you may discover something about the Lord’s Prayer, that you have been praying for a very long time that you did not realise.

In this section of God’s Word, the passage can be broken into three sections, the first is vv.1-4 where Jesus teaches a prayer to his disciples. Then vv.5-8 Jesus tells a parable on prayer, and then from vv.9-13 Jesus gives a wonderful encouragement and promice to his disciples so that they will pray.

First we are going to look at vv.1-4

1 One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When he finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples.” 2 He said to them, “When you pray, say: ” ‘Father, hallowed be your name, your kingdom come. 3 Give us each day our daily bread. 4 Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive everyone who sins against us. And lead us not into temptation. 

Let’s look at this prayer, section by section: First of all:

“Our Father”

Now in case you are wondering how this prayer is a Christian prayer and only the Christian can pray this prayer. Only those who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ has the right to call God ‘Father’. Turn with me to John 1:12

12 Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God—

It is only through faith in Christ alone, by grace that we become adopted as the children of God. Only when that happens to do we have the right to be become children of God and therefore have the right to call God Father. And this is not because we have earned the right, it is all by grace, through faith. We did not earn the right, God gave us the right. What a privilege we have, to call God, Father. To be his children. My children call me Dad, I call my Dad, “Dad”. What a privilege to call my Dad Dad, my brother can. But no one else. Even greater is the privilege to call God Father. So it is no wonder that as we are now the adopted children of God, his sons and daughters, that we are to pray that God’s name, our Father’s name will be hallowed.

Hallowed Be Your Name…

Now I must confess that apart from this prayer, I never use the word “hallowed”. In fact the only time I have heard this word was in the form of a noun rather than a verb and that was in the Harry Potter Movies. Hallowed is a word that we don’t use very much . To ask God that his name be hallowed is asking God that his names will be honoured and revered, by his people, by us, and by you and by me. God is holy and he has revealed his holiness to us in his creation, in his Word and in his Son. We are called to be Holy, but often we are not holy. Sadly if you like me, we often don’t reflect God’s holiness and character in our lives. By praying to God, Hallowed be your name –we are asking that God’s name and character will be revered and that his people will reflect God’s name and character in thought, word and deed. And that God will do this in his people.

Your Kingdom Come

Part and parcel of what I do as a Anglican Minister is ministry to the bereaved. At funerals I speak about how the Lord Jesus is God’s rescue package. As it is through the Lord Jesus that people are saved from sin, death and eternal death (which the Bible calls Hell). Some people have said to me funerals must be hard to do. But I see funerals as a wonderful opportunity to tell people about the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. And this is how God is building his kingdom – through the proclaiming of the good news of the Lord Jesus Christ and him crucified. So it is a very timely that the Lord Jesus when teaching us to pray tells us to say to God your kingdom come. When we are praying this, we are asking God that more people will become Christians.

Give us each day our daily bread. 

Two years ago at the church in which I serve we did a four week series on Stewardship and one of the things I have been reminded of powerful is that we are stewards of what God has given us, not owners of what we have provided for ourselves. God provides our needs, and when we pray “Give us this day our daily bread”, this is what we are acknowledging to God in prayer. In asking God to give us our daily bread – we are acknowledging our daily dependence on God to provide for our needs. And we need God just as much today as we did yesterday, and we will God just as much tomorrow as we do today. God is the creator, we are the creatures. God is the sustainer of life, and we are dependent on him

Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive everyone who sins against u

Did you notice the relationship between being forgiven by God and forgiving others? They both go hand in hand. We confess our sins to God daily because we sin daily and we forgive others when they sin against us. For the person who loves Jesus and has been forgiven by him and confesses their sins daily, if that person withholds forgiveness, holds a grudge is to be a hypocrite. Jesus people are required to forgive others. I have been alive for 42 years one thing I have learnt is this…the longer you live, the more you will have been hurt – that is part and parcel of living life outside the Garden of Eden. I have also learnt in that time that there are many people who are hurt, who refuse to forgive – Christians included. Sometimes the hurt is serious, but sometimes it is due to pride and/or having a thin skin. In either case, we are to forgive. Now perhaps you are reading this and right now Now I am not trying to dig up the past or stir up old wounds, but unforgiveness is like a poison. Perhaps someone of you need to spend time with God and perhaps some of you need to forgive those who have hurt you. I say this because the Lord Jesus Christ assumes that you will forgive and have forgiven others as you pray this prayer.

Now you may be thinking,

“But why would Jesus tell us to pray this? If the Lord Jesus has dealt with your sin and my sin once for all by his death and resurrection, why should we pray for ongoing forgiveness?”

The reason that Christians are to pray for ongoing forgiveness is because we still sin. We sin daily, intentionally and sometimes unintentionally. We sin in ways we don’t always recognise, and sometimes we forget the sins that we have committed.

By asking God for his forgiveness we are applying Jesus death daily…we are not re-justifying ourselves. As Christians we don’t stop being a Christian when we sin, we don’t ask God to forgive us in order that we re-convert. When we ask God to forgive us we are acknowledging to God our sin, our reliance on his grace shown to us in Christ and this makes us more like Christ. It is all part of the process of God changing us to become more like Jesus Chris and that term is called Sanctifcation.

Isn’t it wonderful that God not only in his Son, has saved us, but he is actually doing a continuous work in us, making us more like His Son! This is why the things we used to love doing before we came to faith, we no longer like doing. That is what happens to people when we become Christians. We see sin for what it is. We see sin in all its raw ugliness. But… we still live here! The battle against sin, the world, the flesh and the devil is a battle we all face. We all face temptation and in ourselves we are weak and without God’s power we will easily and naturally yield. And the Lord Jesus which is why he tells us to pray

And lead us not into temptation. ‘

The word in the Original temptation but it also means testing or trial. So what are we praying to God when we pray, ‘Lead us not into temptation’? Well, we are not saying to God, please don’t tempt us. Because does not tempt us. We are told this by the Apostle James, in James 1:13 which says:

13 When tempted, no one should say, “God is tempting me.” For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone;

So what do is mean to pray “Lead us not into temptation”?

It means we are acknowledging our sinful weakness, and just how easy it is for us because we are so week to give way to the temptations of the world, the flesh and the devil. Temptation is not a sin, imagine you are in a social setting and your friends start gossiping about someone behind their back and you know a juicy piece of gossip that your friends to love, and the thought of saying it is so sweet, that you can taste it, and you feel the temptation to say it. You have not sinned at this point. But temptation does make obedience difficult. That is because we are weak. This is why asking God not to lead us into temptation is such an appropriate thing to pray. We are asking God, please keep me away from anything that will lead me to sin. And friends that is the Lord’s Prayer!

Prayer – A Wonderful Gift from God.

What a wonderful gift we have been given by the Lord Jesus Christ. We don’t know how to pray. It is not in our nature to pray. This prayer is a gift, it is prayer to pray and it is model for prayer. So when we pray this prayer, never say it. Never just say it. Pray it! And remember that the only reason we can pray to God, the only reason he hears us and the only reason we can call him Father is because the Lord Jesus death on the cross gives us access to God. And because of the cross, Jesus death in our place, we can approach God in prayer confidently. As the parable that Jesus gives us in vv.5-8 shows. If a friend gives his mate what he need due to his boldness, or more accurately because of his impudence, how much will God respond to our prayer, God who is much more caring than any friend or neighbour.

So can I encourage you, make prayer a daily habit. As the Lord says to us, when it comes to pray in vv.9-10:

 9″So I say to you: Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him who knocks, the door will be opened.

Ask, seek, knock. And that is what we are doing everytime we come into God’s presence in prayer.

So pray boldly! Pray daily! Pray habitually! Remember, because of the cross, God is now your Father. So pray! Pray the Lord’s prayer, model your praying from the Lord’s Prayer.

Ask, seek, Knock!